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LOS COYOTES INDIAN RESERVATION
Los Coyotes Indian Reservation appears more like a national park than anything to do with modern city life.
SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA With some 25,000 acres of federally-recognized sovereign tribal land, the Los Coyotes Indian Reservation is the largest Native American Indian reservation in San Diego County, and it rests in some of the most beautiful, unspoiled, remote and inaccessible high mountain wilderness areas of the Southern California countryside.
From a self-sufficiency perspective, the "problem" with the Los Coyotes reservation is its location it is far too remote and environmentally sensitive to invest in building any normal business venture that could provide the Los Coyotes Tribal Government with the self-sustaining income needed to gainfully employ and educate its tribal members.
And it only seems fair that the Los Coyotes people are allotted the same opportunities to grow their social and economic development wings under their own resources as some of the other 107 federally-recognized California Indian tribal bands are doing through successful American Indian businesses like Indian casinos, hotels, resorts.
As a San Diego County INDIGENOUS INDIAN TRIBE whose archaeological history traces back at least 125 generations (2,500 years) in Southern California, the Los Coyotes Cahuilla and Cupeño Indian people have been subjected to abject poverty on their American Indian reservation since it was established in 1889 by Executive Order it is the type of debilitating, deep-rooted generational poverty historically associated with the poorest Indian reservations in the U.S.A.
Today, more than a century later at the turn of the 21st century, there is still virtually no development on the Los Coyotes Indian Reservation (and even fewer job opportunities for Native Americans there).
Further, electricity wasn't even connected to the Los Coyotes reservation until 1998, and today (2011), electricity is only wired to the edge of the large reservation, according to the Los Coyotes' casino project website.
Moreover, it's only been within the past decade or so that the Los Coyotes people have began to benefit from other tribes' Indian casino gaming revenues and begin the process of improving their impoverished sub-standard housing and social infrastructure through the assistance of national and state tribal organizations like the California Nations Indian Gaming Association (CNIGA) and the National Indian Gaming Association (NIGA), for example.
LOS COYOTES PHOTOS: Snow remnants pictured in the March 2006 landscape series photographed two weeks after major snow storms dumped over 36 inches of snow on the San Diego mountains and shut down all roads in and out of the surrounding rural mountain communities.
A scenic 1.5-hour, 80-mile drive northeast from downtown San Diego, Los Coyotes reservation is located approximately 15 miles northwest of Anza-Borrego Desert State Park; approximately 30 miles north of Cleveland National Forest; approximately 20 miles east of Palomar Mountain State Park; approximately 15 miles north of Julian; approximately 5 miles east of Warner Springs, Calif. (see Los Coyotes map below). Driving directions and CONTACT information about the Los Coyotes Indian Reservation.
The Los Coyotes Band of Mission Indians Cahuilla-Cupeño majestic tribal territory includes San Diego County's highest lookout point, Hot Springs Mountain. At approximately 6,535 feet, Hot Springs Mountain peak is about 11 feet taller than its more famous neighbor, the Cuyamaca Peak.
On a clear day one can see the Pacific Ocean (some 50 miles west) from the spectacular Hot Springs Mountain peak viewpoint on the Los Coyotes mountain. The Salton Sea (some 30 miles east) can also be seen from the Los Coyotes reservation when atmospheric conditions are right.
The drive to Los Coyotes Indian Reservation from nearby Julian passes by the Iipay Santa Ysabel Indian Reservation and the Mataguay Scout Ranch. Warner's Ranch, a national historic landmark, is also a close neighbor of the Los Coyotes Cahuilla-Cupeño indigenous mountain community.
In an effort to attempt to eke out a living off their beautiful pristine reservation land through small tribal economic projects, the Los Coyotes Band of Mission Indians established the Los Coyotes Campground & Los Coyotes Horse Camp (visit website) on their remote property and opened it up to tourists and visitors for camping, hiking trails, horse camping riding, and biking.
Please contact the campground website or Los Coyotes tribal office for more information, including directions, access to the reservation, camping rules and restrictions for motorcycle dirt biking and four-wheel-drive, off-roading activities, including intermittent and seasonal hours of operation and access to the wilderness.
The Los Coyotes Band of Mission Indians is one of 19 member bands of the SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA TRIBAL CHAIRMEN'S ASSOCIATION.
Also known as the Los Coyotes Band of Cahuilla and Cupeño Indians, the Los Coyotes band has 328 enrolled tribal members of which about 82 tribal members currently reside on the Los Coyotes Indian Reservation (population statistics from Los Coyotes band casino project website, 2011).
Learn more about the Los Coyotes Band of Cahuilla and Cupeno Indians on their wikipedia.org home page.
Who are the Cahuilla people?
The Takic peoples arrived in Southern California some 2,500 years ago.
The delineation of the Cahuilla was a result of the Spanish missionization of the California indigenous tribes which separated them from the so called Cupeño. The Cahuilla villages historically ranged over the entire San Bernardino basin, the San Jacinto Mountains, and the Coachella Valley. (source: Four Directions Institute www.fourdir.com).
Cahuilla ethnographic Indian artists are famous for their singing and beautiful basket weaving. Pictured is Sue Hill (Cahuilla-Luiseño) at the 4th Annual Old Town Fiesta, Old Town San Diego State Historic Park, 2005; Delores Patencio (Cahuilla), Palm Springs, circa 1912; and a group of Torres Martinez Desert Cahuilla traditional bird singers honoring a tribal elder (Ernie Salgado Sr) on the Soboba reservation in 2009.
CAHUILLA HISTORY: CHIEF MEYERS (Cahuilla, Riverside, CA), 1880-1971, MLB teams played for: New York Giants, Boston Braves, Brooklyn Robins. Career batting average .291, played in four World Series (1911, 1912, 1913, 1916)....
List of Cahuilla Indian reservations:
AGUA CALIENTE RESERVATION, Palm Springs, Southern Calif.
|SAN DIEGO'S ABORIGINAL POPULATION|
With 19 federally-recognized Indian reservations (and 18 federally-recognized tribal governments), the County of San Diego has more Native American Indian reservations than any other county in the United States.
In California, there are approximately 109 federally-recognized American Indian tribal bands that's more distinct tribes than in any other state. Further, California has the largest population of Native Americans of any other state.
In the entire United States, there are 565 federally-recognized tribes according to the BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS 2011 TRIBAL DIRECTORY (PDF).
THE FOUR INDIGENOUS TRIBES native to the County of San Diego include:
FOR AN HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE about California Indian tribal history, please review these trusted research articles:
SIX HUNDRED GENERATIONS, 12,000 YEARS IN SAN DIEGO:
After hundreds of years of diligent archaeological research and hard artifactual evidence gleaned from many Southern California indigenous sites, it is widely accepted that some San Diego County native tribes have occupied Southern California for at least 600 generations!
For example, the Kumeyaay Indian people have been traced back some 12,000 years in their ancestral homeland that is known today as the County of San Diego, Imperial County, and Baja California Norte (Mexico) border region....
LOS COYOTES News Feature Blog
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page last updated Feb. 2, 2012
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